The main departments of Greek mainland:
ATTICA - CENTRAL GREECE - THESSALY - PELOPONNESE - EPIRUS - MACEDONIA - THRACE. More than 3,000 islands and islets. From these islands only 227 are inhabited. The Greek Archipelago takes up 12.000 km coastline of the country's total 19,900 km.
Greece (Greek: Elláda), officially the Hellenic Republic, historically also known as Hellas is a country in southeastern Europe. Greece's population is approximately 10.955 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.
Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization
Being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organized into various independent city-states, known as polis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea.
Alexander the Great rapidly conquering much of the ancient world, spreading Greek culture and science from the eastern Mediterranean to the 'Indus River'. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC.